CFED Scorecard

CFED Assets & Opportunity Scorecard

Businesses & Jobs
Low-Wage Jobs
Definition

Percentage of jobs in occupations with median annual pay below 100% poverty threshold for a family of four ($23,624), 2013.

Description

Wage rates are one of the most important aspects of job quality, and jobs with low wages also tend to lack other important benefits such as health insurance, paid sick leave and paid vacation. It is increasingly possible in the United States to work full-time and still earn an income that does not pay enough to lift a family out of poverty.

25.6% of jobs in United States are low-wage jobs

Low-Wage Jobs, 2013

StatePercent of
Low-Wage Jobs (%)
Rank
United States 25.6%
Alabama 35.3% 47
Alaska 10.9% 2
Arizona 25.2% 24
Arkansas 37.0% 49
California 22.2% 18
Colorado 21.9% 17
Connecticut 15.3% 3
Delaware 25.3% 26
District of Columbia 9.6% 1
Florida 33.5% 44
Georgia 28.3% 31
Hawaii 19.4% 10
Idaho 29.0% 37
Illinois 24.4% 22
Indiana 28.6% 35
Iowa 26.1% 28
Kansas 27.8% 30
Kentucky 30.9% 41
Louisiana 35.1% 46
Maine 22.6% 19
Maryland 18.9% 8
Massachusetts 15.7% 4
Michigan 25.2% 25
Minnesota 21.6% 16
Mississippi 38.3% 50
Missouri 28.3% 33
Montana 30.4% 39
Nebraska 28.9% 36
Nevada 25.1% 23
New Hampshire 20.8% 12
New Jersey 21.6% 15
New Mexico 33.3% 43
New York 18.9% 7
North Carolina 31.1% 42
North Dakota 19.3% 9
Ohio 28.4% 34
Oklahoma 30.0% 38
Oregon 21.0% 13
Pennsylvania 21.3% 14
Rhode Island 22.8% 20
South Carolina 34.0% 45
South Dakota 35.5% 48
Tennessee 28.3% 32
Texas 30.8% 40
Utah 26.0% 27
Vermont 17.6% 6
Virginia 26.4% 29
Washington 17.3% 5
West Virginia 38.3% 51
Wisconsin 24.1% 21
Wyoming 20.2% 11

Change in Low-Wage Jobs

Percent of Low-Wage Jobs (%)
State20062007200820092010201120122013
United States 22.2% 22.0% 21.5% 21.0% 25.1% 25.6%
Alabama 35.2% 33.1% 33.1% 33.0% 35.6% 35.3%
Alaska 7.6% 7.0% 6.8% 6.3% 9.8% 10.9%
Arizona 23.7% 24.9% 24.3% 23.4% 26.4% 25.2%
Arkansas 36.1% 32.1% 32.4% 31.9% 36.6% 37.0%
California 17.5% 18.6% 17.2% 17.2% 21.3% 22.2%
Colorado 13.8% 15.0% 14.6% 14.5% 21.1% 21.9%
Connecticut 10.8% 13.8% 12.6% 9.1% 14.9% 15.3%
Delaware 22.7% 20.8% 17.2% 16.4% 24.4% 25.3%
District of Columbia 7.3% 5.9% 6.1% 5.6% 7.8% 9.6%
Florida 25.0% 24.8% 27.2% 25.8% 32.2% 33.5%
Georgia 29.3% 27.0% 26.7% 26.5% 28.5% 28.3%
Hawaii 20.6% 14.7% 13.8% 13.7% 15.8% 19.4%
Idaho 27.3% 23.1% 26.8% 27.0% 29.0% 29.0%
Illinois 20.7% 20.3% 19.4% 19.0% 22.7% 24.4%
Indiana 24.6% 24.2% 24.1% 24.1% 29.1% 28.6%
Iowa 25.5% 25.6% 23.9% 23.6% 25.7% 26.1%
Kansas 25.3% 24.9% 24.3% 23.0% 28.2% 27.8%
Kentucky 24.3% 26.6% 24.8% 22.7% 30.4% 30.9%
Louisiana 34.8% 33.7% 32.2% 31.4% 34.3% 35.1%
Maine 16.5% 20.6% 20.9% 20.9% 22.3% 22.6%
Maryland 17.5% 17.0% 15.8% 15.9% 19.8% 18.9%
Massachusetts 8.5% 11.3% 10.0% 9.9% 13.9% 15.7%
Michigan 19.1% 21.8% 20.7% 20.7% 24.1% 25.2%
Minnesota 15.4% 17.0% 15.8% 15.8% 22.2% 21.6%
Mississippi 36.9% 35.6% 36.0% 35.5% 37.9% 38.3%
Missouri 28.6% 26.8% 25.9% 25.1% 29.5% 28.3%
Montana 35.6% 28.5% 28.1% 27.3% 31.4% 30.4%
Nebraska 22.4% 27.4% 25.1% 25.1% 26.3% 28.9%
Nevada 18.8% 19.0% 18.7% 18.8% 23.9% 25.1%
New Hampshire 14.0% 13.3% 16.7% 13.2% 19.5% 20.8%
New Jersey 13.7% 17.1% 16.6% 13.7% 19.6% 21.6%
New Mexico 36.6% 33.7% 31.0% 30.7% 33.2% 33.3%
New York 17.9% 14.4% 15.7% 15.7% 18.7% 18.9%
North Carolina 24.4% 26.0% 25.4% 24.4% 31.4% 31.1%
North Dakota 28.7% 24.7% 22.8% 22.3% 21.7% 19.3%
Ohio 21.4% 24.9% 23.8% 23.8% 27.5% 28.4%
Oklahoma 32.2% 32.3% 32.1% 31.9% 30.5% 30.0%
Oregon 14.8% 19.1% 15.9% 15.9% 20.9% 21.0%
Pennsylvania 22.1% 20.9% 19.3% 19.3% 21.6% 21.3%
Rhode Island 15.8% 20.8% 19.8% 19.2% 21.6% 22.8%
South Carolina 32.3% 29.0% 28.6% 28.6% 33.2% 34.0%
South Dakota 34.3% 30.3% 31.7% 28.4% 35.0% 35.5%
Tennessee 26.7% 25.8% 25.9% 25.6% 28.5% 28.3%
Texas 32.2% 28.0% 28.6% 27.8% 31.3% 30.8%
Utah 25.5% 20.0% 21.3% 20.2% 27.3% 26.0%
Vermont 14.5% 11.9% 11.4% 11.1% 21.6% 17.6%
Virginia 20.0% 22.5% 21.3% 19.2% 25.3% 26.4%
Washington 11.8% 10.6% 9.7% 9.7% 11.3% 17.3%
West Virginia 38.5% 35.2% 33.3% 33.2% 38.7% 38.3%
Wisconsin 20.1% 21.1% 20.7% 20.2% 23.8% 24.1%
Wyoming 26.7% 18.2% 16.4% 16.4% 19.8% 20.2%

Definition

Percentage of jobs in occupations with median annual pay below 100% poverty threshold for a family of four ($23,624), 2013.

Source

The Working Poor Families Project’s Economic Conditions in the States, Table 3.A.5a. Source: May 2013 Occupational Employment Statistics. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics, 2014. 

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