CFED Assets & Opportunity Scorecard
State-Funded Head Start
States that provide supplementary funds for the Head Start Education program to support early childhood development, and the number of additional funded slots provided, 2010-2011 school year.
Head Start is an educational program proven to prepare low-income children to arrive at school ready to learn. Although primarily federally funded, state Head Start programs often lack sufficient funding to meet standards of adequate education quality. State funds can supplement the federal funding and help close the funding shortfall required for quality Head Start education. Additional state funding is often used to expand the number of funded slots in the state’s Head Start program. In some cases, the funds are used for quality improvements, such as extended day and teacher salary enhancements.
State-Funded Head Start
|State||Supplemental State |
Head Start Grant ($)
|Additional Funded Slots for |
3- and 4-Year Olds
(Program Year 2010-2011) 1
|District of Columbia|
|New Hampshire||$312,730||0 8|
|New Mexico||$0 9||0|
|Rhode Island||$800,000 11||120|
Barnett, W. Steven, et al. The State of Preschool 2011: State Preschool Yearbook. New Brunswick, NJ: National Institute for Early Education Research, 2011.
1. Several states providing Head Start supplements were not able to report the number of children served with these state funds. In some cases, this was because a portion of state funds were used to enhance services for federally funded Head Start participants rather than for separate, additional slots. For these states, and states where enrollment was not available by single year of age, enrollment was estimated based on non-ACF-funded enrollment and proportions of all enrollees who were age 3 or age 4, as reported in the 2010-2011 Head Start PIR.
2. Alaska's state Head Start funds are used to enhance Head Start services and improve quality.
3. In addition to funding slots, Connecticut's state Head Start funds are used to provide additional services, extend the program day and year and support program quality enhancements.
4. This sum represents TANF funds dedicated to Head Start and Early Head Start.
5. In addition to funding slots, Maine's funds are used to provide additional services and extend the program day and year. Funding also provided slots for 101 children from ages zero to 3.
6. Due to decreased funding in Maryland, programs were limited in the 2010-2011 school year to providing extended-day/year services only and no new slots or quality improvements were funded by the state. The state provided extended-day/year services for 2,557 children ages 3 to 5.
7. In addition to funding slots, Massachussetts's state Head Start funds are used for teacher salary enhancement and other quality improvements.
8. New Hampshire's state Head Start funds are used for teacher salary enhancement. For the 2012 and 2013 fiscal years, no state funds were allocated to Head Start as part of major budget cuts.
9. The program was de-funded in January 2010 when the supplement was eliminated by a legislative action designed to curb state spending.
10. Oklahoma's funds are used to provide extended-day and additional services.
11. This sum also represents $200,000 in TANF funds dedicated to Head Start.