2013 CFED Scorecard

Financial Assets & Income

Outcome Measures

Income Poverty Rate

Asset Poverty Rate

Asset Poverty by Race

Asset Poverty by Gender

Asset Poverty by Family Structure

Liquid Asset Poverty Rate

Liquid Asset Poverty by Race

Liquid Asset Poverty by Gender

Liquid Asset Poverty by Family Structure

Extreme Asset Poverty Rate

Net Worth

Net Worth by Race

Net Worth by Income

Net Worth by Gender

Net Worth by Family Structure

Unbanked Households

Underbanked Households

Households with Savings Accounts

Consumers with Subprime Credit

Borrowers 90+ Days Overdue

Average Credit Card Debt

Bankruptcy Rate

Policy Priorities

Tax Credits for Working Families

State IDA Program Support

Lifting Asset Limits in Public Benefit Programs

Protections from Predatory Short-Term Loans

Additional Policies

Income Tax Threshold

Tax Burden by Income

Prize-Linked Savings

Paperless Payday

Trend Indicators

Change in Net Worth

Change in Asset Poverty

Change in Liquid Asset Poverty

Change in Consumers with Subprime Credit

Change in Average Credit Card Debt

Businesses & Jobs

Housing & Homeownership

Health Care

Education

CFED Assets & Opportunity Scorecard

State-Funded Head Start

Reports & Graphics

Definition

States that provide supplementary funds for the Head Start Education program to support early childhood development, and the number of additional funded slots provided, 2010-2011 school year.

Description

Head Start is an educational program proven to prepare low-income children to arrive at school ready to learn. Although primarily federally funded, state Head Start programs often lack sufficient funding to meet standards of adequate education quality. State funds can supplement the federal funding and help close the funding shortfall required for quality Head Start education. Additional state funding is often used to expand the number of funded slots in the state’s Head Start program. In some cases, the funds are used for quality improvements, such as extended day and teacher salary enhancements.

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State-Funded Head Start

StateSupplemental State
Head Start Grant ($)
Additional Funded Slots for
3- and 4-Year Olds
(Program Year 2010-2011) 1
Alabama     
Alaska  $7,292,600  2
Arizona     
Arkansas     
California     
Colorado     
Connecticut  $5,471,150 3 455 
Delaware  $5,727,800  843 
District of Columbia     
Florida     
Georgia     
Hawaii     
Idaho  $1,500,000 4 196 
Illinois     
Indiana     
Iowa     
Kansas     
Kentucky     
Louisiana     
Maine  $3,801,282 5 201 
Maryland  $1,800,000  6
Massachusetts  $7,500,000 7 206 
Michigan     
Minnesota  $14,306,812  1,769 
Mississippi     
Missouri     
Montana     
Nebraska     
Nevada     
New Hampshire  $312,730  8
New Jersey     
New Mexico  $0 9
New York     
North Carolina     
North Dakota     
Ohio     
Oklahoma  $2,191,700  10
Oregon  $49,946,739  5,908 
Pennsylvania  $37,311,687  5,297 
Rhode Island  $800,000 11 120 
South Carolina     
South Dakota     
Tennessee     
Texas     
Utah     
Vermont     
Virginia     
Washington     
West Virginia     
Wisconsin  $6,960,062  1,187 
Wyoming     

Source

Barnett, W. Steven, et al. The State of Preschool 2011: State Preschool Yearbook. New Brunswick, NJ: National Institute for Early Education Research, 2011.

Footnotes

1. Several states providing Head Start supplements were not able to report the number of children served with these state funds. In some cases, this was because a portion of state funds were used to enhance services for federally funded Head Start participants rather than for separate, additional slots. For these states, and states where enrollment was not available by single year of age, enrollment was estimated based on non-ACF-funded enrollment and proportions of all enrollees who were age 3 or age 4, as reported in the 2010-2011 Head Start PIR.

2. Alaska's state Head Start funds are used to enhance Head Start services and improve quality.

3. In addition to funding slots, Connecticut's state Head Start funds are used to provide additional services, extend the program day and year and support program quality enhancements.

4. This sum represents TANF funds dedicated to Head Start and Early Head Start.

5. In addition to funding slots, Maine's funds are used to provide additional services and extend the program day and year. Funding also provided slots for 101 children from ages zero to 3.

6. Due to decreased funding in Maryland, programs were limited in the 2010-2011 school year to providing extended-day/year services only and no new slots or quality improvements were funded by the state. The state provided extended-day/year services for 2,557 children ages 3 to 5.

7. In addition to funding slots, Massachussetts's state Head Start funds are used for teacher salary enhancement and other quality improvements.

8. New Hampshire's state Head Start funds are used for teacher salary enhancement. For the 2012 and 2013 fiscal years, no state funds were allocated to Head Start as part of major budget cuts.

9. The program was de-funded in January 2010 when the supplement was eliminated by a legislative action designed to curb state spending.

10. Oklahoma's funds are used to provide extended-day and additional services.

11. This sum also represents $200,000 in TANF funds dedicated to Head Start.

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