CFED Assets & Opportunity Scorecard
States that offer full-day kindergarten programs and the quality of those programs, 2010.
Research shows that the first years of a child’s life are crucial for brain development and in closing the achievement gaps between children in lower and higher socioeconomic groups. However, not all states offer kindergarten to all students. Furthermore, of the states that do offer kindergarten, the majority only offer half-day kindergarten. Studies show that children who attend full-day kindergarten show stronger academic gains than children who attend half-day kindergarten.
Although kindergarten is widely recognized as the start of a K-12 education, quality standards and policies in kindergarten are not always aligned with those of the following grades. Children often have inconsistent or inequitable experiences, which result in rough transitions from kindergarten to first grade. States should address these inconsistencies by aligning and strengthening kindergarten policies.
States are assessed on the following criteria:
|State||Does the state require |
districts to offer
|Does the state set |
|Does the state require |
early childhood education training
for Kindergarten teachers?
|District of Columbia||Half Day||Yes||No|
|New Hampshire||Half Day||No||No|
|New Mexico||Half Day||No||No|
|North Carolina||Full Day||Yes||No|
|Ohio||Half Day 1||Yes||Yes|
|Oregon||Full Day 2||Yes||No|
|Rhode Island||Half Day||No||No|
|South Carolina||Full Day||Yes||No|
|South Dakota||Half Day||Yes||No|
|West Virginia||Full Day||No||No|
“Kindergarten Teacher Certification Requirements.”Denver, CO: Education Commission of the States, 2010. Data accessed in October 2011 at http://ecs.force.com/ecsforum/mbquest?SID=a0i70000000XkGj&rep=KD41&Q=Q2190.
“Kindergarten Standards - General Info.” Denver, CO: Education Commission of the States, 2010. Data accessed in October 2011 at http://ecs.force.com/ecsforum/mbquest?SID=a0i70000000XkGj&rep=KD08&Q=Q2188.
Kristie Kauerz. PreK-3rd: Putting Full-Day Kindergarten in the Middle. New York, NY: Foundation for Child Development, 2010.